I collect leather products as most girls my age collect makeup. Despite having an arsenal of leather finishes, conditioners, dyes, and other goodies, sometimes I end up using the same product over and over again (kind of like wearing your favourite eyeshadow every day despite having dozens more in your drawer). I have five brands of leather finish on hand, so I endeavoured to find the one with the best water repellent effect. As you can imagine, protecting a veg tan leather project from water is key in maintaining its beauty, and a good leather finish will help it last that much longer. I have a background in science, so I’m going to treat this is an informal, fun, and quick study (although I forgot to set up a control… shhhh) 😉
I’ve been writing this post in bits and pieces, as I’m in the middle of the Christmas rush with orders. Hopefully things will slow down enough in January to post more often!
After seeing my initial results, I ordered the finishes in the photo from best to worst (A to E) for the photos.
[logo size=”25px”]Materials and Methods:[/logo]
A. Eco Flo Professional Finish in Clear Gloss. Water based (re. acrylic).
B. Fiebing’s Acrylic Resolene, diluted 50/50 with water. Also water-based. Typically used watered down (for good reason, I tried it full strength once, and it cracked and flaked off).
C. Angelus Water and Stain Repellent, a silicone-based spray. I believe it’s meant to be sprayed on as additional protection, but I was curious how it would hold up against the leather finishes.
D. Fiebing’s Saddle Lac. A type of lacquer that makes the room smell like a chemist’s fume hood. I’m
too lazy unable to find an ingredient list, but it definitely smells flammable.
E. Zelikovitz Professional Top Coat in Satin. Another water-based finish similar to the Eco Flo Professional Clear.
Why these brands?
They were carefully chosen based on the diversity of ingredients, uses, and peer reviews I happened to have them on hand. I have an addiction affinity to trying new leather products. That said, these five brands are very different in terms of ingredients, so they’re a great assortment for comparison. Each finish was applied as a single coat on a scrap piece of veg tan leather, allowed to sit for a minute, then blotted with a paper towel. The amount water absorbed into the leather was eyeballed by how much the leather darkened.
Initially, the droplet of water remained on the surface for each strip. After blotting, the amount of water darkening on each strip was observed:
A. Eco Flo Professional Finish in Clear Gloss – Hardly any stain at all
B. Fiebing’s Acrylic Resolene, diluted 50/50 with water. A small amount of staining.
C. Angelus Water and Stain Repellent, a silicone-based spray. Initially, no staining. The droplet floated on the leather, and then slowly began to absorb.
D. Fiebing’s Saddle Lac. Absorption began in splotches, which expanded.
E. Zelikovitz Professional Top Coat in Satin. Absorption began immediately. Produced the darkest and largest stain.
I did NOT expect the Eco Flo product to produce the best results. Most leatherworkers on the leatherworker forum seem to despise the brand, a feeling that I can agree with after having made brand comparisons with their other products (not published here, sorry! I might repeat those experiments for the blog in the future).
Unfortunately, my favourite product up until now has been the Zelikovitz Pro Finish in Satin, which I’ve been using on the vast majority of my projects. This product came in last! This and the Eco Flo product were very similar in composition, so I expected them to behave similarly. Nope. The Eco Flo brand is a glossy finish, and the Zeli brand is a satin finish, so it would be interesting to do another experiment on whether matte, satin, and shiny finishes within a brand produce the same waterproofing results.
The Angelus water repellant seems to be a good product for added protection on a leather project that already has a coat of finish applied. It certainly repels water for a short time, which in normal use may help a water droplet to bounce off without having an opportunity to absorb into the leather.
The Saddle Lac looks like a good product, however unfortunately, it’s difficult to get a thin and even coat. It was obvious to me that the water was seeping through the small areas that didn’t get any coverage.
I would like to repeat this experiment sometime in the future with using double coats of each product. I would also compare them to a control (a strip with no product on it). I also realized I have a few other products to try.. including Tan Kote, Eco Flo Professional Finish in Matte, Mink Oil, and Neatsfoot Oil.
The things I’ve learned leather working…. You are too funny but oh so true. I don’t know where to begin. Blue is my toxic color and it is amazing how far dye will wick. Hand painting I call it playing the wick but the best advice someone gave was the words, dry brush. I enjoy what you have going on here. It is amazing how a company or should say(are they all in co hoots) most of them offer no simple application that best suit their products. Neat Lac is in fact best explained the same thing as the clear coat on your car. It’s best used thinned and approach with the thinnest possible coat. Those holes…, you’ll get them round two.. Can you imagine that really all the finishes we fuss over are temporary? All your pitch blends will wick right thru all of them. Did someone say not ah. I am Larry of Across Leather and 24 years there’s days when I still feel like a preschooler in leather 😉 Great Read.!
Thanks for posting….I, too, would not have chosen Glo-flo either, as it is a water based product……….gonna buy it now!
Any recommendations for a leather chair?? It is showing signs of the ” finish ” coming off,
What kind of leather is the chair made out of? Most leather furniture is made from chrome tanned leather, and this article is written for vegetable tanned leather, which behaves very differently. As a disclaimer; I don’t have much experience with leather furniture restoration (chrome tan), but there is a plethora of products out there you can try. It would help to get more details on the issue… is it faded? Does it appear to be cracked or peeling? Has the finish been scraped off? Sometimes all it needs is a little drink of an appropriate moisturizer to bring the colour and sheen back, but it’s trickier to fix if the actual finish is coming off or if there are cracks. If it’s very damaged, you might need binders, crack fillers, and leather colorant (among other products), which means you’d have to colour match very carefully. There are a lot of companies out there who offer a series of products to restore leather furniture, and it would be best to contact the manufacturer of your chair to find out what they recommend.
This is a really helpful display and test! I’m combing the internet because I’ve purchased some very nice light colored vegetable tanned clogs made by Clarks and they are now scuffed at the front, not much dirt, just scuffed. I would like to clean them and apply a coat for water protection which has worn off with the scuffing that has a slight sheen as on the rest of the shoe but that won’t darken them too much so that the front is different from the rest. I would love to be able to attached a photo for reference but don’t see the option. The color most resembles the leather strip with Saddle Lac. Any help is greatly appreciated.
Of course, to really compare them all the leather samples need to come from the same piece of leather